Broadcasting

Radio broadcasting
FM/AM radio

The followind link provides a list of assigned frequencies used for analogue radio services (FM/AM): http://epaslaugos.rrt.lt/bc/RadioA.aspx. The list contains columns of the following meaning starting from the left: Station locality, Frequency band, Assigned frequency, Frequency user, Max ERP, Polarization, Antenna height. The data is taken directly from RRT service database and it is always up to date.

Digital radio

The frequency plan for terrestrial digital radio in Lithuania consists of three nationwide networks in the VHF III band, 174-230 MHz (the same frequency band is also planned for one nationwide layer for the terrestrial digital television broadcasting service). This is provided for by Regional Agreement and associated frequency plans drawn up at the Regional Radiocommunication Conference for the planning of the digital terrestrial broadcasting service in Region 1 (parts of Region 1 situated to the west of meridian 170° E and to the north of parallel 40° S, except the territories of Mongolia) and in the Islamic Republic of Iran, in the frequency bands 174-230 MHz and 470-862 MHz, held in Geneva, 2006 (RRC-06). Geneva 2006 plan was developed on the basis of T-DAB platform (Terrestrial Digital Audio Broadcasting) as well as previous related plans.

Initially the plan for implementation of terrestrial digital radio networks in Europe was drawn and adopted at CEPT ERC planning conference in Wiesbaden, 1995. The frequency range then was planned in the following frequency bands: VHF II (87 MHz-108 MHz), VHF III (174-240 MHz) and L-band (1452-1467 MHz). In the Wiesbaden plan the T-DAB frequency block 13C in the 230-240 MHz frequency range for nationwide single frequency network and another nationwide layer in L-band consisting of 5 allotments were assigned to Lithuania. Later on the 13C block was modified to the 13A (230.784 MHz) due to the possible interference to the aeronautical services of the neighboring countries. Actually, 174-230 MHz frequency range is covered by Geneva 2006 plan while the frequency block 13A (230.784 MHz) based on Wiesbaden, 1995, Special Arrangement (rev. Constanța 2007) is an option for the terrestrial digital radio developments in Lithuania, assessing compatibility with the services other than broadcasting.

The Maastricht, 2002, Special Arrangement provided for T-DAB allotment plan in the 1452–1479.5 MHz band using the transposed conditions of the Wiesbaden agreement. The Constanța, 2007, Special Arrangement enabled implementation of the systems with larger bandwidth. Thus Lithuania’s plans in the 1452–1479.5 MHz band provided for by Maastricht, 2002, Special Arrangement (rev. Constanța 2007) consisted of two T-DAB nationwide layers. At present the 1452-1492 MHz frequency range applied on a non-exclusive basis for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services as the Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/750, 8 May 2015 provides.

Terrestrial digital radio broadcasts initially launched in Lithuania in June 2001 via T-DAB frequency block 13A providing coverage for Vilnius region. Then DAB multiplex consisted of 6 radio programmes transmitted in parallel to appropriate FM radio services. Since late 2009 DAB transmission has been discontinued. Currently there are no terrestrial digital radio services in operation in Lithuania. The run of particular transmission standards should depend on attitude of the market players. In case of large-scale deployment of terrestrial digital radio networks, the most efficient system (e.g. DAB+) in Lithuania is likely to be used.

Television broadcasting

Currently digital terrestrial television is being broadcasted in DVB-T standard in Lithuania with a compression method of  MPEG4.

The residents of Vilnius were the first to receive the possibility to watch digital television in Lithuania. In January of 2002 experimental broadcasts of digital television programmes were commenced via channel 53, and starting from September of 2004 Lithuanian Radio and Television Commission has been granting licenses for permanent broadcasting.

In 2007 the implementation of digital terrestrial television in Lithuania gained momentum. Starting from 1st June, 2006 the first transmitters were installed. The companies Lithuanian Radio and Television Centre (hereinafter Telecentras) and TEO LT (now TELIA Lietuva), which had implemented digital television networks in the country, introduced the possibility to watch digital television to the residents of Vilnius before 1st July 2007. In 2012 a gradual replacement of analogue terrestrial television to digital TV was started. Regarding the resolution of Government of the Republic of Lithuania complete analogue switch-off was accomplished by  in the night of 29.10.2012.

On 22th of August, 2011 the license to use radio frequencies for national coverage of digital terrestrial television was granted for VšĮ Lietuvos nacionalinis radijas ir televizija (hereinafter LRT). According to Article 5 of the Law on National television and radio of the Republic of Lithuania above mentioned network can only be used to broadcast LRT programs and it is forbidden to use frequencies for broadcasting other programs and any other commercial activities.

On the 3rd of October, 2012 licenses to use frequency were given for Telecentras and TEO LT, AB (now TELIA Lietuva). These licenses grant usage of radio frequencies for two new networks with national TV coverage. At the time seven nationwide networks could have been implemented.

However, networks of TELIA Lietuva are not in operation since September of 2018.

High definition (HD) television has been being broadcasted since the middle of 2009 in Vilnius and since 2010 in Kaunas as well. Since 9th of May, 2013 UAB “Pūkas” became the first to broadcast free-to-air HD signal of program regularly. Now to programs of National public service network (LRT network) are being transmitted in SD and HD simultaneously.

Currently 88 digital terrestrial television stations are operating in Lithuania. 12 free-to-air programs can be received nationwide in Lithuania. Also, in regions local free-to- air and encrypted programs are being transmitted.

For those interested in the television programmes, which can be watched, please refer to the table below.

TV channel
(frequency, MHz)
Location of transmitterTransmited programmes
National public service network  (LRT network)
21 (474,0)Jurbarkas, Kalvarija, Kaunas, Marijampolė, Kėdainiai, Jonava, ŠakiaiVšĮ Lietuvos nacionalinis radijas ir televizija broadcast content (free-to-air):

LRT Televizija HD,
LRT Televizija,
LRT Kultūra HD,
LRT Kultūra

26 (514,0)Raseiniai
29 (538,0)Klaipėda, Laukuva, Mažeikiai, Nida, Plungė, Skuodas, Švėkšna, Tauragė, Telšiai
32 (562,0)Biržai, Panevėžys, Rokiškis, Ukmergė, Viešintos
34 (578,0)Joniškis, N. Akmenė, Šiauliai
35 (586,0)Ignalina, Švenčionys, Visaginas, Utena
40 (626,0)Alytus, Druskininkai, Lazdijai, Varėna
48 (690,0)Dieveniškės, Molėtai, Šalčininkai, Vilnius
TV channel
(frequency, MHz)
Location of transmitterTransmited programmes
22 (482,0)Joniškis, N. Akmenė, Raseiniai, ŠiauliaiFree-to-air programs:

LNK,
TV6,
BTV,
TV3,
Info TV,
Liuks!,
TV1,
TV8,
Lietuvos rytas.tv
Current Time (since 2018-09-01)

28 (530,0)Ignalina, Švenčionys, Visaginas, Utena
29 (538,0)Kėdainiai, Panevėžys, Ukmergė
44 (658,0)Jurbarkas, Kalvarija, Kaunas, Marijampolė, Jonava
47 (682,0)Alytus, Druskininkai, Lazdijai, Varėna
49 (698,0)Biržai, Rokiškis, Viešintos
57 (762,0)Dieveniškės, Molėtai, Šalčininkai, Vilnius
60 (786,0)Klaipėda, Laukuva, Mažeikiai, Nida, Plungė, Skuodas, Švėkšna, Tauragė, Telšiai
Network of Southeast region of Lithuania
31 (554,0)VilniusFree-to-air programs (re-broadcasted by AB Lietuvos radijo ir televizijos centras):

TVP Info, TVP Historia, TVP Polonia, Nuta.TV Power TV

31 (554,0)Šalčininkai
33 (570,0)Švenčionys

 

Regional and local TV broadcasting:

TV channel
(frequency, MHz)
Location of transmitterTransmited programmes
30 (546,0)AlytusDzūkijos televizija
40 (626,0)JonavaTV medica
54 (738,0)KaunasPūkas-TV
41 (634,0)MarijampolėMarijampolės televizija
58 (770,0)MažeikiaiRoventos TV
40 (626,0)PlungėŽemaitijos televizija
30 (546,0)ŠiauliaiŠiaulių televizija
24 (498,0)Papliauškų k., Elektrėnų sav.,TrakaiRegioninė televizija „Aidas“, FMT TV
37 (602,0)VentaVentos regioninė televizija
46 (674,0)UkmergėFMT TV, Pūkas-TV
45 (666,0)Klaipėdaencrypted programmes (re-broadcasted by UAB „Balticum TV”):Balticum Auksinis, Balticum Platinum, Balticum Televizija, Discovery channel,
Eurosport 1, Nat Geo Wild, Cartoon Network, PBK Lietuva, NTV Mir Lithuania, FOX (only in Klaipeda)
40 (626,0)Plungė

Updated on 2020-05-25